The Rarest Diamonds- Golconda

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Golconda is a ruined city located south-central India and the capital of ancient Kingdom of Golconda. Today this area is known as Hyderabad. The area was once known for their diamonds found in the Southeast area in a mine called the Kollur Mine.

In the past, these mines were the only known rough diamond mines in the world during 4th Century B.C. up until 1730. Only the finest diamonds were found and traded there. In fact, gemologists classified these diamonds in the “2A” range meaning they have practically no trace of nitrogen (diamonds are comprised mostly of carbon). And the defining characteristics of Golconda diamonds are their incredible transparency, “whiteness”, and overall purity. Golconda diamonds are so special and unique, it is highly prized, valuable, and extremely rare today. In fact, these diamonds are probably just archived at museums, Christie’s Auction House, or Sotheby’s Auction. Moreover, Golconda is believed to be the mine that has produced many famous diamonds such as:

These gorgeous diamonds were created due to the enormous forces of plate tectonics as the Tethys Oceanic Crust converged with the Asian Continental plate, forcing this place to be subducted underneath the other. The convergent fault contributed to creating volcanic activity of magma, where diamonds are originated from.

Today, Golconda diamonds are incorrectly used as high quality diamonds. However, only diamonds that have a high level of transparency and quality found only in rare, chemically and optically pure type-IIa natural diamonds can be labelled a Golconda diamond. Additionally, “Golconda” is also used as a broad term to describe higher quality diamonds with an antique cut.

Roger & Arlene @ INTA


Today we had the pleasure of seeing long-time valued customer, Roger, and meeting for the first time his beautiful wife Arleen for whom he has bought many stunning pieces of jewelry from INTA.

They had just returned from a trip to Egypt and Israel and wanted our help turning a very rare and special souvenir- a 2,000 year-old coin- into a wearable piece of jewelry. We are so happy that they thought of us! Thank you Roger and Arleen!

Diamond- The Hardest Substance Around

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The diamond is the hardest substance known to man. In fact, its name derives from the Greek word adamas, which means invincible. And hardness measures the resistance to scratching. It is graded from a scale of 1 ( being the softest) to 10 (the hardest) on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. And diamond, being the hardest substance, has a rating of 10. Therefore, the only thing that can scratch a diamond is another diamond. In fact, diamond cutters use specially diamond tipped drills to polish a diamond rough. The hardness of diamonds contributes to its suitability as a gemstone.

However, a diamond’s hardness depends on its purity, therefore a flawless diamond would have a higher hardness. A diamond that was more pure could scratch one of a lower purity content.
And the benefit of owning diamond jewelry is the fact that it maintains its polish extremely well; keeping it’s lovely luster over long periods of time because nothing else can scratch it other than another diamond. This makes diamond jewelry the perfect accessory to be worn daily due to its strong resistance to scratching—especially for engagement/wedding rings (since engagement rings and wedding bands are jewelry that is commonly worn everyday).

Another factor that is related to hardness (but not to be mistaken for the same thing) is toughness. Toughness is a material’s ability to resist breakage from forceful impact. The toughness of a natural diamond measures out to 7.5–10 MPa·m1/2. And in comparison to other gemstones, this is a high value. However, when measuring with more tough materials such as some engineering instruments, this is considered low.
And many people often believe that because a diamond is the hardest substance known to man, it cannot be chipped or broken. However, this belief is false. A diamond can actually chip because they naturally grow and crystallize with cleavage lines. And if these lines were struck at the right angle and with the right amount of impact, the diamond can actually be broken into two. The same goes for a tree. If you struck a tree at a certain angle and with enough force, the tree can split all the way down the line. And to diamonds, cleavage lines are the diamond’s “kryptonite” or weak spots. Furthermore, when a diamond cutter cuts a diamond rough into a polished diamond the diamonds are cut and shaped following these various cleavage lines.
But other than that, diamonds are still considered very durable and make the perfect jewelry! If you would like to see and learn more about diamonds, please feel free to contact us at 213-689-9659. We are located in the heart of the Downtown Los Angeles Diamond and Jewelry District.

A Fairytale Dream Come True

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This lovely couple know a thing or two about magic! Corey and his lovely fiance to be have been waiting for the right moment to get engaged. And just like any fairytale dream, it was a dream come true to get engaged. Speaking of fairy tales, magic, and dreams….the couple spend a lot of their weekends at the happiest place on earth….Disneyland/California Adventure! The couple enjoys all the beauty, magic, and fun that the theme park has to offer!

And what better way to represent the gorgeous and adventurous California state, than with a diamond engagement ring that contains gorgeous deep ocean blue colored sapphires! The cute couple purchased their antique styled diamond and sapphire engagement ring here at INTA Gems. And they couldn’t be happier!

April Birthstone: The “Unbreakable” Diamond

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April has finally arrived and we couldn’t be happier! Warmer days are finally approaching to help us kick start our mornings!

The new month of April also brings in the lovely spring season with a welcoming of birds chirping, flowers blooming, and romance in the air. And what better way to celebrate that budding or everlasting romance than with the birthstone of April-the diamond! Diamonds are a gorgeous gemstone that have been prized for their durability, long-lasting presence, brilliance, and overall natural beauty. In fact, it takes millions of years to create a diamond in the earth’s mantle under extremely high pressures. And the diamond is largely composed of carbon atoms that create an overall crystal lattice structure.

Throughout history, diamonds were prized for their strength and hardness. In fact, on the Moh’s Hardness Scale that is used to measure the hardness of minerals, a diamond has a rating of 10 out of 10 (being the hardest substance known to man). Additionally, the name diamond is derived from the Ancient Greek word adamas, which means “unbreakable.” So what better way to represent an unbreakable bond than with a diamond! Diamonds make the perfect statement for any outfit by adding a little sparkle to it. So show her you care with gorgeous diamond jewelry. They’re not only perfect for those born on the month of April, but also great gift options for anniversaries, engagements, and just to say “I Love You.”
Please click here for more information on diamond education, loose diamonds, diamond jewelry, and how to properly choose the right diamond for you. And if you’re interested in seeing diamonds, please feel free to contact us at 213-689-9650.

Tribute to a Legend

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Few have had the courage to pull off magnificent jewels like Elizabeth Taylor. She died today, Wednesday March 23 at age 79 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center here in Los Angeles.

In her wake she leaves a legacy of films she helped to make extraordinary including Cleopatra, A Place in the Sun, Who’s Afraid of Virginia Wolf, and National Velvet.

In addition to her films, she leaves a legacy of jewels, thanks in large part to Richard Burton who was twice her husband and showered her with important gems. These include most notably, the Taylor-Burton diamond, a 69.42 carat D flawless (!) pear-shape diamond. When she wore it to Princess Grace’s birthday party, she and Mr. Burton had to be accompanied by armed guards. In 1978, she sold the diamond for 5 million and used proceeds to build a hospital in Botswana.

Richard Burton also bought for her a 33.19 carat Asscher cut diamond, known as the Krupp Diamond. It was set into a ring with tapered baguettes and can be seen on her finger in many of her later films.

Elizabeth also received from Richard a heart shaped diamond known as the Taj Mahal (so named because he could not buy her the actual Taj Mahal).

According to Richard, “Diamonds are an investment.” Elizabeth, who named her fragrance line White Diamonds famously said in her ads “These have always brought me luck.”

INTA Gems and Diamonds is located in the LA Diamond District in Downtown Los Angeles. We carry a large selection of Loose Diamonds, Engagement Rings, Wedding Bands and Gemstones.
Ph: (213) 689-9650

A Shamrock for Faith and a Clover for Good Luck

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Happy St. Patrick’s Day everyone from the INTA Gems family!! Hope you’re all sporting different shades of green. :)

A little fact about the green shamrock is it is the symbol of Ireland and a three-leafed old white clover. It is symbolic for the Irish Christian’s because it represents the Holy Trinity. Not to be confused with the four-leaf clover, which is very uncommon and is symbolic of good luck.
Legend has it, the four-leaf clover brings those who find it good luck. According to legend, each leaf represents something different: the first stands for hope, the second is for faith, the third is for love, and the fourth is for luck.Although it is extremely rare to find a four-leaf clover, a better alternative for St. Patrick’s Day is to wear various gorgeous shades of green (After all, you wouldn’t want to get pinched ;P). A perfect option without going green overboard is wearing a magnificent green colored gemstone piece of jewelry. Whether it be earrings, a necklace, a pendant, a bracelet, or even a ring. You can truly express hope, faith, love, and luck with green gemstone jewelry. And at INTA Gems, we offer some of the best green colored gemstone options for every shade of green. Some great options are:

1. Green Sapphires– which offer great durability because of it’s high hardness scale rating.
2. Alexandrites– which change color under different lighting to various shades of greens, browns, reddish violets, and other wine colors.
3. Peridots– which is a gorgeous green yellow colored gemstone that reminds us of the springtime.

4. Emeralds– which is a largely popular shade of green that many people seek. And in the true St. Patty’s Day theme Ireland is often referred to as the “Emerald Isle” by mainly Americans.

Hope this gives you some ideas in wearing green. And again, have a great St. Patrick’s Holiday! Have fun and stay safe everyone! :)

INTA Gems and Diamonds is located in the LA Diamond District in Downtown Los Angeles. We carry a large selection of Loose Diamonds, Engagement Rings, Wedding Bands and Gemstones.
Ph: (213) 689-9650

A Stone of Destiny

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For centuries, sapphires have been worn by royalty. In fact, today Kate Middleton is wearing the legendary Princess Diana Sapphire Ring as Prince Harry proposed to her. But before Kate, another celebrity rocked the blue sapphire engagement ring – the Academy Award winning actress, Penelope Cruz.
The famous actress married her longtime boyfriend Javier Bardem after he proposed a 3-carat sapphire engagement ring worth about $30,000. The two had originally met on set during the filming of the movie Jamon, Jamon back in 1992.
Sapphires, a part of the corundum family, make a great alternative to diamond engagement rings because of their strong hardness rating of a 9 out of 10 (diamond being the hardest with a 10 rating). And they come in a wide range of colors (blue being the most common). Sapphires are also symbolic as being a stone of destiny. And what better way to show your special someone you two are destined to be together than with a “stone of destiny.” At INTA Gems & Diamonds, we offer the widest range of Ceylon Blue Sapphires in various color shades. For additional information on blue sapphires, please feel free to contact us at 213-689-9650.

INTA Gems and Diamonds is located in the LA Diamond District in Downtown Los Angeles. We carry a large selection of Loose Diamonds, Engagement Rings, Wedding Bands and Gemstones.
Ph: (213) 689-9650

Sarah Hyland in INTA Gems on the Red Carpet


Sara Hyland, best known for her role as Haley Dunphey on ABC’s hilarious hit Modern Family, graced the red carpet at the Costume Designers Guild Awards wearing a a fab INTA Gems Aquamarine pendant with a gorgeous white silk floral dress.

The Aquamarine and Diamond pendant was designed by INTA Gems’ designer Peter Young.

She and other CDG Awards participants can be seen at InStyle.