Sri Lanka is an island country in South Asia located in the Indian Ocean. It’s documented history spans 3000 years with evidence of human settlement dating back 125,000 years. It’s rich cultural heritage are from Buddhist writings. It’s also known from the ancient time of the Silk Road. Gems in Sri Lanka have been in known for at least 2500 years.
Sri Lanka is also known by the name Serendip by Persians in which a book The Three Princess of Serendip was published in Venice in 1557 in Italian.
Sri Lanka was also known as Ceylon from British Rule was gained independence in 1948 and then adopted it’s current name in 1972. Sri Lanka’s climate is tropical warm and has ocean wind. It has hills, mountains and lowlands. Sri Lanka also experience moonsoon winds from the Indian Ocean and the highlands experience 98.4 inches of rain a year. It also experience periodic tropical cyclones.
Sri Lanka has a multitude of religions Buddhist being the most prominent, Hinduism coming in second most prevalent and Islam being the third most dominant in the region. Buddhist 70% Hindu 13% Muslim 10% Christian 7% and 0.04% is other.
In terms of the economy Sri Lanka is known was known as a plantation economy. It is very famous for it’s cinnamon, rubber, sugar, and tea. It is now more industrialized and is now become a food processor, textiles, telecommunication and finance. It’s main exports are now tourism, tea export, rice and agriculture products. India is 85% of it’s trading partner. Sri Lanka’s GDP is $3,835 compared to US’s at $57,466. The world average GDP in 2017 is USD $17,300.
The two official languages are Sinhalese and Tamil and English is the link language.
As far as the gems of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has a very long history. Over over 2500 years. It has a skilled mining force and lapidary cutters for both mass markets and high end luxury markets. It’s known as the island of gems, “Ratna-Dweepa” The Gem Island. It’s known for sapphires, spinel, topazes, amethysts, chrysoberyl, spinel, zircon, tourmaline and garnet are most commons.
The gems form sedimentary residual deposits, eluvial deposits, metamorphic deposits. The gem deposits are classified as sedimentary, metamorphic and magmatic; the sedimentary types are the most abundant. It’s 65,525 square kilometers of Sri Lanka. 90% is estimated to hold gems and 25% of the land area of sri lanka are potentially economic gem bearing, making sri lanka one of the countries with the highest density of gem deposits compared to landmass. Ratnapura contains the most gem deposits and derived it’s name for the gem industry which means the city of gems.
Kings and Queens have used Sri Lanka gems for Crown Jewels. Both Princess Dianne and Kate Middleton wears a blue Ceylon Sapphire 12 Ct. Oval Blue Sapphire.
In 1997, the blockbuster movie Titanic, Asprey & Garrard, the same jeweler who made Princess Diana’s engagement ring designed “Heart of the Ocean” necklace. 170 Ct. heart shaped surrounded by 65 round diamonds totaling 36 Cts.
Sapphires are Aluminum Oxide. Colors varies from very light to very dark in practically all hues. Red Corundum are known as rubies and pinkish orange are known as Padparadscha (lotus flower). The most common color hues are pink, yellow, orange, green purple, purple, lavender, brown and etc.
The qualities of Sri Lanka sapphires range from commercial to gem grade to investment grade. It offers free sizes as well as calibrated.